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Medieval Remains at Weatheralls Primary School, Soham, Cambridgeshire. Archaeological Investigations

Phillips, Tom and Diffey, John and Rees, Gareth and Moan, Patrick (2013) Medieval Remains at Weatheralls Primary School, Soham, Cambridgeshire. Archaeological Investigations. Project Report. Oxford Archaeology Ltd, Bar Hill, Cambridgeshire. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The combined archaeological works found evidence of an early medieval field system possibly associated with a settlement in the immediate vicinity. This was represented by a major ditched boundary in Trenches 2, 3, 9 and 10 which was roughly parallel with both Pratt Street to the west and the 5m contour line to the east, as well as a footpath directly to the east. Boundary features that can be seen on the 1840 Tithe Map were uncovered in Trenches 4 and 5 along with two pits, one of which may have been associated with medieval settlement. Evidence of a north to south aligned field system, in the form of ditches and furrows was uncovered in Trenches 8 and 9 along with a feature that may have been a droveway with an associated post-built structure. A change in land use in the late medieval or post medieval period was evidenced in Trenches 1 and 9 where tree-pits relating to an orchard were uncovered. The results of these archaeological investigations should be viewed in conjunction with the results of an earlier archaeological evaluation undertaken in 1991, in the western part of the site, which encountered similar remains (Taylor and Waite 1991). The joint results present a more complete picture of a ditched rectilinear field system with settlement evidence represented by the pits and domestic debris deposited into the ditches. The ceramic assemblage from the combined works suggests a date between the 10th – mid 12th centuries for the earliest activity. These remains have the potential to add to the understanding of the medieval development of Soham. In addition, there was a background scatter of prehistoric flints which may attest to prehistoric activity in the area. Soil cover across the site was an average of 0.75m. The water table was encountered in trenches 2, 3 and 6 at approximately 6.7m OD. In all the trenches this was approximately 1.2m below modern ground level.

Item Type:Monograph (Project Report)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Archaeological Investigations, evaluation, watching brief, soham, Soham, Cambridgeshire, cambridgeshire, medieval, Medieval, pottery, Pottery, medieval pottery, animal remains, animal bone, bone, thetford ware, Thetford ware, Thetford Ware, St Neots Ware, St Neots ware, st neots ware, ecofact, ecofacts, evironmental sample, farming, agriculture, cultivation, furrow, ridge and furrow, enclosure, enclosures, droveway, drove road, trackway, field system, 1185, report 1185, Report 1185, OAE report 1185, boundary ditch, Tithe Map, tithe map, post-medieval, post medieval, Post-medieval, Post Medieval, orchard, Orchard, tree throw, tree pit, pit
Subjects:Geographical Areas > English Counties > Cambridgeshire
Period > UK Periods > Medieval 1066 - 1540 AD
Period > UK Periods > Neolithic 4000 - 2200 BC > Middle Neolithic 3500 - 2700 BC
Period > UK Periods > Neolithic 4000 - 2200 BC
Period > UK Periods > Post Medieval 1540 - 1901 AD
ID Code:1091
Deposited By: Chris Faine
Deposited On:25 Apr 2013 10:23
Last Modified:22 Oct 2018 09:50

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