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Cambridge Rowing Lake Milton Landbeach and Waterbeach Cambridgeshire

Champness, Carl Cambridge Rowing Lake Milton Landbeach and Waterbeach Cambridgeshire. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

During September and early October 2003 Oxford Archaeology carried out Stage 1 Mitigation at the southern end of the proposed international standard rowing course sited on land north of Cambridge. The work comprised twenty one trenches excavated in the floodplain of the River Cam, examining the line of the proposed Canal (from the River Cam to the Rowing Lake) and the Cut (forming the access channel to the main rowing course). In addition to the standard archaeological recording processes, detailed geo-archaeological recording of the alluvial sequence in each trench was carried out. A pit and a posthole, both containing pottery dated to the Bronze Age were discovered in Trench 18, on what would appear to be a raised gravel island toward the north end of the area under investigation. At the southern end, a middle Iron Age pit and two pits of Roman date were recorded in Trench 3, at the edge of the first gravel terrace, while Roman activity on the floodplain itself was represented by a small number of linear ditches. These features were probably created by communities living on the edge of the terrace, in order to drain the area for use as pasture, and to define trackways providing access to the river itself. Preliminary assessment of the palaeo-environmental indicators has indicated that the northern half of the area may have existed as a backswamp, while the southern half was damp grassland or meadow. During or shortly after the Roman period fen conditions developed, resulting in the formation of a layer of peat across the entire area. There was no evidence for subsequent human occupation until the post-medieval period, when a series of boundary ditches were established near the river, along with some small-scale gravel quarrying.

Item Type:Client Report
Subjects:Geographical Areas > English Counties > Cambridgeshire
Period > UK Periods > Bronze Age 2500 - 700 BC
Period > UK Periods > Roman 43 - 410 AD
ID Code:1218
Deposited By: Scott
Deposited On:05 Sep 2013 14:39
Last Modified:05 Sep 2013 14:39

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