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The Rainbows Solar Farm Willersey Gloucestershire

Pickard, Chris The Rainbows Solar Farm Willersey Gloucestershire. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Oxford Archaeology carried out a trench evaluation on land at The Rainbows Solar Energy Farm, on behalf of Belectric Solar Limited, in May 2013. The evaluation consisted of twenty trenches located to investigate a series of geophysical survey anomalies which were thought to be of archaeological origin. The survey plots suggested the presence of a series of enclosures and linear ditches. None of the trenches encountered significant archaeology and there was no clear evidence for the supposed enclosures within the excavated trenches. Some of the interpreted geophysical survey features coincided with plough furrows found in the trenches. Ridge-and-furrow cultivation marks were apparent in all but one of the 20 trenches, although hardly any trace of the ridges survive as earthworks. The alignment of the ridge-and-furrow in different parts of the field clearly matches the alignments as mapped from aerial photographs. The furrows in the western side of the site are generally aligned north-west to south-east while those in the eastern side are aligned north-east to south-west. The differing alignments reflect medieval and postmedieval cropping units within the Willersey open fields, prior to the 1769 Inclosure Act. The only other feature encountered was a small post-medieval boundary or drainage ditch in Trench 2, which produced 17th/18th century artefacts. Strawberry cultivation in the southern part of the field had involved some ground disturbance. However as ridge and furrow survived in the trenches in this area the level of disturbance is unlikely to have greatly affected the survival of archaeological features.

Item Type:Client Report
Subjects:Geographical Areas > English Counties > Gloucestershire
Period > UK Periods > Medieval 1066 - 1540 AD
Period > UK Periods > Post Medieval 1540 - 1901 AD
ID Code:1220
Deposited By: Scott
Deposited On:09 Sep 2013 13:39
Last Modified:09 Sep 2013 13:39

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