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Land West of Witney Oxfordshire

Donnelly, Mike Land West of Witney Oxfordshire. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

In February 2011, Oxford Archaeology South undertook an evaluation at Land West of Witney, Oxfordshire on behalf of Oxfordshire Land Ltd. Eleven trenches were excavated at four separate locations which had been identified as having significant archaeological potential based on either cropmark evidence or a previous phase of geophysical survey. Trenches 1-3 in Field 1 were located to investigate a large 50m diameter ringshaped feature known from cropmark evidence, but revealed no trace of any archaeological features. Trenches 4-6 in Field 2 were located over a linear feature and possible pits identified by geophysical survey. No pits were discovered but a row of possible postholes was identified close to where the linear feature was expected to be. Trenches 7 and 8 in Field 3 were located over a possible small ring ditch identified in the geophysical survey. The probable cause of the anomaly is a series of natural and man-made features, although these do not form a ring as such. Trenches 9-11 in Field 4 were located to investigate an area of dense geophysical disturbance located close to an area of known Roman settlement and burial activity. Features were found in all three trenches, but most of it appeared to be modern disturbance, probably associated with construction of the road. Two undated pits, two postholes and a post-medieval ditch were also discovered. One potentially significant feature, a posthole in Trench 4, contained a single Iron Age pot sherd. Fields 1 and 2 yielded stuck flints from the plough soil which are believed to date from the Neolithic period. The results of the fieldwork indicate that there is a very low likelihood that the cropmark ring ditch features survives in any identifiable form, probably as a result of plough truncation, as the soil sequence is very shallow. The possible ringditch identified by geophysical survey does not appear to be a significant feature. The work also suggests that the Roman activity known south of the A40 does not continue into Field 4, possibly as a result of disturbance and truncation during construction of the road.

Item Type:Client Report
Subjects:Geographical Areas > English Counties > Oxfordshire
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD
Period > UK Periods > Medieval 1066 - 1540 AD
Period > UK Periods > Neolithic 4000 - 2200 BC
ID Code:1616
Deposited By: Scott
Deposited On:27 Feb 2014 12:17
Last Modified:27 Feb 2014 12:17

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