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Gill Mill Beef Unit South Leigh Oxfordshire

Dean, Brian Gill Mill Beef Unit South Leigh Oxfordshire. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Between 4th April and 21st April 2011 Oxford Archaeology carried out an evaluation in the area of a potential extension to Gill Mill Quarry, Ducklington, Oxfordshire, on behalf of Smith and Sons (Bletchington) Ltd. Subsequent to a geophysical survey, a total of 89 trenches were excavated within the 44.5 ha site to check the character and interpretation of features revealed in that survey and establish the presence, extent and character of other archaeological features and deposits within parts of the site which produced no magnetic response. These excavations revealed a moderate to low density of archaeological features. Dating evidence was extremely limited in quantity, but suggested activity ranging from the middle Neolithic through to the later Iron Age/Roman period. The site can be broadly characterised as having been utilised in two main ways. The character of the earliest (Neolithic) activity is uncertain, but funerary use is indicated in the northern central area of the site where evaluation confirmed the presence of a row of three ring-ditches which were identified in the geophysical survey and also on earlier aerial photographs. A Bronze Age date is likely for these features but no datable material was recovered from interventions in their ditches. A probable truncated urned cremation burial associated with the middle ring-ditch was left in situ. Later utilisation of the land for agrarian purposes is suggested by a range of ditches and other features which were encountered sporadically across the whole area of the site, but with apparent concentrations in the eastern and western parts and a lower density of features in the central area, perhaps suggesting that the vicinity of the ring-ditches remained less intensively used. The date of most of the linear features is unknown, however. Some are likely to have formed parts of field systems associated with the nearby major Roman settlement at Gill Mill. The evaluation thus sheds further light on the surroundings of this site, but also provides some evidence of longer term use of this part of the Windrush Valley in the millennia preceding the establishment of the Roman settlement focus lying south-east of the present site

Item Type:Client Report
Subjects:Geographical Areas > English Counties > Oxfordshire
Period > UK Periods > Bronze Age 2500 - 700 BC
Period > UK Periods > Neolithic 4000 - 2200 BC
Period > UK Periods > Roman 43 - 410 AD
ID Code:1645
Deposited By: Scott
Deposited On:11 Apr 2014 12:19
Last Modified:11 Apr 2014 12:19

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