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An Archaeological Evaluation at Alconbury Airfield Enterprise Zone, Alconbury, Cambridgeshire

Atkins, Robert (2012) An Archaeological Evaluation at Alconbury Airfield Enterprise Zone, Alconbury, Cambridgeshire. Project Report. Oxford Archaeology Ltd., Bar Hill. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Over 3rd to the 6th July 2012, OA East conducted an archaeological evaluation comprising twelve trenches (collectively 358.25m long) at Alconbury Enterprise Zone, Alconbury Airfield in advance of a new road access. This work was located to the west of a previous evaluation in 2001 which found Mid/Late Iron Age to Early Roman remains. In the present evaluation, five trenches contained no archaeological features and seven trenches, over a 350m distance, found features dating to between c. 2nd century BC and c. late 2nd century AD. The density of features in the seven trenches ranged from a single feature to densely intercutting remains across an entire trench. Iron Age features were encountered in five Trenches (6, 7, 8, 11 and 12) over a 300m by 150m area with domestic type assemblages recovered from two different areas (Trenches 6/7 and Trenches 11/12), c.300m apart. The Late Iron Age remains found in the 2001 evaluation was located c.300m and c.400m distance respectively from these two 'domestic' areas suggesting that these three areas represent different farmsteads or different family groupings within an agglomerate type settlement. Early to Middle Roman remains were found in two locations (Trenches 5 and 9), more than 200m apart. Trench 5 was located c.100m to the west of one of the Latest Iron Age domestic focii (Trench 6) and contained a very dense area of features (either pits and/or ditches) dating up to at least the end of the 2nd century AD. The second area of Roman remains (Trench 9) was located between the other two Latest Iron Age domestic areas found in the evaluation.

Item Type:Monograph (Project Report)
Uncontrolled Keywords:archaeological evaluation, cambridgeshire, huntingdonshire, alconbury, alconbury airfield, roman settlement, iron age settlement
Subjects:Geographical Areas > English Counties > Cambridgeshire
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD
Period > UK Periods > Post Medieval 1540 - 1901 AD
Period > UK Periods > Roman 43 - 410 AD
ID Code:2782
Deposited By: Chris Faine
Deposited On:30 Mar 2016 13:39
Last Modified:30 Mar 2016 13:39

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