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Appleford's Earliest Farmers Archaeological work at Apppleford Sidings Oxfordshire

Booth, Paul and Simmonds, Andrew and Allen, D and Barclay, Alistair and Boyle, Angela and Devaney, Rebecca and Druce, Denise and Francis, R and Kitch, J and Lamdin-Whymark, Hugo and Robinson, Mark and Roe, Fiona and Thompson, G and Witkin, Annsofie (2008) Appleford's Earliest Farmers Archaeological work at Apppleford Sidings Oxfordshire. Project Report. Oxford Archaeology.

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Abstract

Oxford Archaeology (OA) undertook evaluations of Hanson Aggregates’ Sutton Courtenay Pit in 1993 and 1997 ahead of mineral extraction, and carried out a programme of more extensive work between 1997 and 2000, monitoring topsoil stripping and recording the archaeological remains exposed by this process. The earliest feature examined was a Neolithic pit but the main result of the fieldwork was to reveal extensive Bronze Age and early Roman period landscapes. The Bronze Age features, most of which were of middle Bronze Age date, were concentrated in the western and central areas of the site, and comprised rectilinear systems of trackways and field enclosures. Large pits or waterholes were associated with these systems, which were probably related to stock control. A small group of cremation burials to the south may have been contemporary with these features. There was no significant evidence for late Bronze Age or Iron Age activity but at about the middle of the 1st century AD a high-status double-ditched enclosure was established. This had an entrance to the south and contained slight traces of one or more timber structures. This settlement was associated with rectilinear field systems, further enclosures and trackways and two cremation burials. These features were on a similar alignment to that of the principal Bronze Age layout of the site. The early Roman settlement ceased to be occupied aft er c AD 120 and although trackways and possibly some other boundaries remained in use later Roman and subsequent activity was entirely agricultural in nature. This pattern of land use continued into modern times.

Item Type:Monograph (Project Report)
Subjects:Geographical Areas > English Counties > Oxfordshire
Period > UK Periods > Bronze Age 2500 - 700 BC
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD
Period > UK Periods > Roman 43 - 410 AD
ID Code:2910
Deposited By: Scott
Deposited On:12 Sep 2016 12:45
Last Modified:13 Sep 2016 10:42

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