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Proposed Kitchen Extension, Oriel College, Oxford

Bashford, Robin Proposed Kitchen Extension, Oriel College, Oxford. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

In March 2015, Oxford Archaeology (OA) undertook an archaeological evaluation on the site of the proposed kitchen extension at Oriel College, Oxford (SP 5165 0612). The evaluation revealed the top of the gravel terrace which, where encountered was at a relatively consistent elevation. The gravel had been truncated by features probably dating to the 12th-14th century occupation of the site, and perhaps relating to medieval tenements pre-dating the construction of the medieval Front Quadrangle of the college in the mid-14th century. The Front Quadrangle was itself re-built in the first half of the 17th century. A number of structures were revealed which appeared to truncate the 12th-14th century deposits. The earliest of these may relate to a building fronting Merton Street, possibly part of St Martins Hall which preceded the 17th century remodelling. A second structure was revealed running parallel to the eastern boundary wall of the college along Magpie Lane. Outbuildings are shown in this area of the college on cartographic sources from the 16th century onwards - although the fact that this structure appeared to truncate a deposit which produced 17th century artefactual material would imply that it related to a later phase of construction. The third structure revealed was the foundation for an extant pillar base which dates from the 17th century re-build of the Front Quadrangle, and a series of rubble rich deposits overlying the foundation are probably contemporary with this phase of construction. The remaining deposits and structures encountered related to modern reconfigurations of the kitchen area and former back yard to the west of Magpie Lane.

Item Type:Client Report
Subjects:Geographical Areas > English Counties > Oxfordshire
Period > UK Periods > Medieval 1066 - 1540 AD
Period > UK Periods > Post Medieval 1540 - 1901 AD
ID Code:3154
Deposited By: Scott
Deposited On:03 Mar 2017 11:43
Last Modified:03 Mar 2017 11:44

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