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Interim client report for A Romano-British Cremation Burial, Near Whitchurch, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire

Booth, Paul and Champness, Carl Interim client report for A Romano-British Cremation Burial, Near Whitchurch, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

This is an interim client report pending a report for publication. In October 2014 Oxford Archaeology (OA) was commissioned by Buckinghamshire County Council to undertake an archaeological excavation at Whitchurch, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire (centred on NGR SP 80943 22258). The work was undertaken to investigate a potential burial assemblage that was identified during a metal detecting rally. The findspot is located adjacent to a suspected Roman villa within an arable field that has previously produced a concentration of Roman finds. The excavation revealed a Roman (late 2nd century AD) wooden box burial (1.10m long by 0.70m width) with a rich assemblage of grave goods including 2 samian ware cups, 2 samian ware dishes, a pottery flagon, 2 glass vessels, a bronze jug with decorated handle, bronze patera, iron open or lamp holder, 2 unidentified lead objects and an urned cremation burial. The remains of the wooden box were identified as an outline of iron nails and organic deposits within the burial pit. The pit was backfilled with the excavated boulder clay natural and then later sealed by modern ploughsoil. The grave goods were found in-situ but have been disturbed by ploughing and potentially squashed by the use of heavy farm machinery. The burial lies at the western edge of the distribution of a group of relatively rare cremation burials found across south-eastern Britain which contain glass and bronze vessels and lighting equipment. make the burial one of only a handful with a 2nd century date. The present burial is an important addition to this body of evidence, containing a characteristic combination of object types, of which the decorated jug is individually the most significant, with its religious scene depicting human figures worshipping in front of an altar. Because of the apparently unique detail of this decoration it is a piece of national importance, enhanced by association with a securely dated burial context.

Item Type:Client Report
Subjects:Geographical Areas > English Counties > Buckinghamshire
Period > UK Periods > Roman 43 - 410 AD
ID Code:3263
Deposited By: Scott
Deposited On:21 Jul 2017 11:06
Last Modified:21 Jul 2017 11:06

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