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Undergraduate Centre and Access Centre, Wadham College, Oxford Archaeological Evaluation Report

Bashford, Robin Undergraduate Centre and Access Centre, Wadham College, Oxford Archaeological Evaluation Report. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Oxford Archaeology (OA) were commissioned by Bidwells LLP on behalf of Wadham College to undertake bespoke archaeological evaluation trenching, along with an archaeological watching brief on geotechnical works, within the area of the proposed Undergraduate Centre and Access Centre, Wadham College, Oxford. The evaluation, which was undertaken during the last two weeks of August 2017, revealed terrace gravels overlain in one location by an undisturbed element of the post-glacial brickearth deposit which overlies the gravel terrace. The brickearth had been cut by at least one inhumation, which the dating evidence suggests is likely to relate to the tenure of the Austin Friars, who occupied the site from the foundation of the Friary in 1268 until the Dissolution. Medieval pits dating to the 12th-13th century were also present, although it is unclear whether these pre-dated the Friary or were contemporary with its’ foundation. The pits were tentatively interpreted as evidence for quarrying. There was some evidence for post-dissolution landscaping which may have been contemporary with the demolition of the Friary buildings and the laying out of tenements fronting onto Holywell Street in the early-mid 17th century. Evidence for large features to the rear of these properties was also revealed, although the function of these features was unclear as their extent was not seen within the confines of the trenches. There was also some evidence for a later phase of landscaping in the 18th-19th century.

Item Type:Client Report
Subjects:Geographical Areas > English Counties > Oxfordshire
Period > UK Periods > Medieval 1066 - 1540 AD
Period > UK Periods > Post Medieval 1540 - 1901 AD
ID Code:3536
Deposited By: Scott
Deposited On:30 Apr 2018 11:38
Last Modified:30 Apr 2018 11:38

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