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Land South of High Street Drayton Oxfordshire

Peacock, Rebecca and Vellet, Peter Land South of High Street Drayton Oxfordshire. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Oxford Archaeology (OA) was commissioned by Bloor Homes to undertake evaluation trenching on the site of a proposed residential development at land south of High Street, Drayton, Oxfordshire. Twenty-two trenches were excavated,16 of which contained archaeological features. No features or finds of prehistoric or Roman date were recorded. All of the identified features date from the medieval and post-medieval periods, although a few sherds of Anglo-Saxon pottery were recovered as residual finds from medieval contexts. Signs of medieval domestic occupation include a pit in Trench 8, the fill of which contained several fragments of oven furniture from a single structure. The associated pottery dates from c 1150-1250. Occupation evidence of slightly later date includes a midden deposit from Trench 28, within the historic curtilage of No. 24 High Street, (known as Whitehorn's Farm in the 19th century). The pottery from the midden dates from c 1250-1400, and was found underlying a sequence of 18th– 19th century yard surfaces and building foundations associated with a demolished ancillary building. Possible medieval postholes and boundary ditches were also found in Trench 8. The features investigated in the fields to the south all appear to be agricultural boundaries, trackways and other features of low archaeological significance. The proposed development is covered by two planning consents: 1) Land to the South of High Street, Drayton. The trenches in this area contained no significant archaeology that would warrant mitigation. Archaeological features of probable medieval / post-medieval date are commonplace but comprise cultivation features, field boundaries and trackways of low significance. The small paddocks along the western side of the site were not accessible for either geophysical survey or trenching, which leaves a significant gap in the spatial coverage of the evaluation. It is proposed that a watching brief be undertaken during construction groundworks in these areas. 2) Barns and Land to the Rear of 24 High Street, Drayton, (P10/V2089/LB). The scope of development within this plot is constrained by its location within Drayton conservation area. Planning consent has previously been granted for barn conversions and a new build dwelling. Bloor Homes now wish to amend the approved plans as the combined development of the two plots will require construction of an improved access from High Street. The surviving medieval features within the former Whitehorn's Farm complex are not sufficiently important to act as a constraint on this development, but would justify investigation and recording before they are lost. It is therefore proposed that selected sections of the proposed access road be subject to archaeological excavation prior to construction.

Item Type:Client Report
Subjects:Geographical Areas > English Counties > Oxfordshire
Period > UK Periods > Medieval 1066 - 1540 AD
Period > UK Periods > Post Medieval 1540 - 1901 AD
ID Code:3545
Deposited By: Scott
Deposited On:10 May 2018 15:00
Last Modified:10 May 2018 15:00

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