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Herod's Farm, Foxton SAM 16: An Iron Age and Roman cropmark site.

Macaulay, Stephen (1995) Herod's Farm, Foxton SAM 16: An Iron Age and Roman cropmark site. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

An archaeological investigation was carried out by the Archaeological Field Unit of Cambridgeshire County Council at Herod's Farm, Foxton, during September 1993. This work was funded by English Heritage, as one of a series of evaluation excavations on the Cambridgeshire County Farms estate, following the recommendations made in the County Farms Survey (Malim 1990), to determine methods of beneficial management for the surviving archaeology. The site at Foxton is a Scheduled Ancient Monument (SAM 216), recognised as a series of complex cropmarks, thought to contain archaeological remains dating to the Iron Age and Roman periods. The site was investigated using a combination of techniques; geophysical survey, aerial photographs, and selective machine trenching. The results of the work have revealed that extensive archaeological deposits survive, to a much greater degree than previously suspected. Geophysical survey confirmed that the cropmark data accurately reflects the limits of archaeology. Within two trenches (B1 and B2), complex archaeology revealed large quantities of Iron Age pottery, burnt daub, burnt and butchered animal bone. The evidence points to a substantial rural settlement probably concentrating on animal husbandry. The site seems to have been occupied from the Late Iron Age (2nd - 1st century BC) through to the Roman Conquest (AD 50) and beyond, although during this time the focus of the settlement appears to have shifted towards the north-west. large quantities of artefacts, particularly Roman, were recovered in the plough soil, suggesting that the survival of later occupation on the site has been compromised by ploughing.

Item Type:Client Report
Uncontrolled Keywords:Herod's Farm, Foxton, Iron Age, Roman, Cropmark, Cambridgeshire, Geophysical Survey, HSR, human skeletal remains, human remains, burial, crouched burial, trackway, Iron Age settlement, Belgic pottery, iron age pottery, County Farms Survey, animal bone, daub, rural settlement, animal husbandry, butchery marks, plough damage, SAM, scheduled ancient monument, scheduled monument, SAM 16, 118, report 118, CCCAFU report 118
Subjects:Geographical Areas > English Counties > Cambridgeshire
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD > Late Iron Age 100 BC - 43 AD
Period > UK Periods > Roman 43 - 410 AD
ID Code:4108
Deposited By: Archives
Deposited On:20 Aug 2018 09:48
Last Modified:29 Aug 2018 11:52

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