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Archaeological Survey of Two Deserted Medieval Settlements in Little Langdale Cumbria. Historic Landscape Survey

Evans, Helen and Quartermaine, Jamie (2017) Archaeological Survey of Two Deserted Medieval Settlements in Little Langdale Cumbria. Historic Landscape Survey. Project Report. Oxford Archaeology North. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The two deserted settlement sites, Long Intakes (also known as Nook) and Seven Intakes (also known as Viccars), are situated close to Fell Foot Farm, a Grade II-listed farmstead adjacent to two other Scheduled Monuments: a probably early medieval moot or Thing mound (SM 22557; NHLE 1011354); and Castle Howe hillfort (SM 22566; NHLE 1019747). Fell Foot stands at the junction of a series of mountain passes which formerly served as the boundary between the three counties of Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire North of the Sands. Detailed topographic surveys were undertaken, in February and March 2017, of both settlements by photogrammetry, using aerial photographs taken with a UAV. A desk-based assessment was also undertaken, in April 2017, examining published sources, the Historic Environment Records and primary documentary material. The Nook (or Long Intakes) settlement (SM 35025; NHLE 1021187) comprised two clear building phases, the first being a probable medieval longhouse and enclosure associated with a probable potash kiln and a series of ponds and channels, seemingly used for the preparation of flax for the linen industry. The second phase was a larger longhouse, again associated with an enclosure and a walled lane. Elements of this later phase of the farmstead complex appeared to overlie features associated with the putative retting ponds. Nook first appears in documentary records in the 1660s, and in the early eighteenth century was owned by the Viccars family, who also held the Viccars farmstead. In the 1750s, Nook was sold to the Flemings of Fell Foot. The Viccars (or Seven Intakes) settlement (SM 35024; NHLE 1021186) comprised two

Item Type:Monograph (Project Report)
Subjects:Geographical Areas > English Counties > Cumbria
Period > UK Periods > Early Medieval 410 - 1066 AD
Period > UK Periods > Medieval 1066 - 1540 AD
Period > UK Periods > Post Medieval 1540 - 1901 AD
ID Code:4362
Deposited By: Parsons
Deposited On:13 Sep 2018 09:38
Last Modified:13 Sep 2018 09:38

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