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Queen's Mill, New Hall Street, Burnley, Lancashire. Archaeological Building Investigation

Wild, Chris (2013) Queen's Mill, New Hall Street, Burnley, Lancashire. Archaeological Building Investigation. Project Report. Oxford Archaeology North. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Queen’s Mill was erected as a steam-powered weaving mill in 1887-88 on New Hall Street in Burnley. The area immediately surrounding the mill is one of considerable industrial archaeological and historic interest, as it represents a moderately intact remnant of a textile-manufacturing nucleus that developed at Daneshouse in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. No fewer than 12 mills operated in the area, with surrounding streets of terraced housing built in a tight grid-iron pattern. Daneshouse is considered in a recent heritage appraisal compiled by Burnley Council to have ‘…a wealth of historic buildings and features which have played and important part in its development and the lives of the people who have lived and worked in the area.’ The Queen’s Mill complex comprises a single-storey weaving shed constructed of local sandstone to the north of a two-storey preparation block and warehouse, with an attached engine house, boiler house and chimney, all of similar fabric. The layout of the mill exemplifies the refinement of the construction of cotton weaving mills through the second half of the nineteenth century, culminating in mills such as Queen’s Mill, where the layout of the structures, was calculated precisely to maximise efficiency, primarily by the placement of the primary motion shaft from the steam engine so that it transferred power directly into the weaving shed to power the individual line shafts. An economiser was almost certainly placed between the boiler house and chimney, within a compact power plant that occupied the south-west corner of the site.

Item Type:Monograph (Project Report)
Subjects:Geographical Areas > English Counties > Lancashire
Period > UK Periods > Modern 1901 - present
Period > UK Periods > Post Medieval 1540 - 1901 AD
ID Code:4402
Deposited By: Watson
Deposited On:27 Sep 2018 13:03
Last Modified:27 Sep 2018 13:03

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