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A40 North Oxford Bypass Archaeological Evaluation Report volume 1. June 1993

OAU, OAU and Bartlett, Alistair (1993) A40 North Oxford Bypass Archaeological Evaluation Report volume 1. June 1993. Project Report. Oxford Archaeological Unit Ltd. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The archaeological evaluation trenching survey was conducted by the Oxford Archaeological Unit (OAU) during March and May 1993 and was commissioned by Rendel Palmer and Tritton on behalf of the Department of Transport. This formed part of the study being carried out to assess the environmental impact of the proposed 440 North Oxford Bypass. The survey brief was approved by the Department of Transport and their advisors English Heritage. The brief involved an archaeological evaluation to establish the location, extent, condition, character, quality, integrity and date of any archaeological remains within the area of land required for the Preferred Route, in order to enable the full archaeological implications of the development proposal to be understood. A desk top study (OAU 1992c), reviewed existing archaeological data. A surface collection survey was carried out over areas where the land proved suitable and access was granted. A geophysical survey was conducted over available pasture and arable areas (OAU 1993). The present evaluation consisted of sample trenching to establish the presence or absence of archaeological deposits, along the line of the proposed road. The evaluation was complemented by an earlier archaeological inspection of all geotechnical test pits excavated by Soil Mechanics on behalf of Rendel Palmer and Tritton. A limited resistivity survey was also conducted over the site of Cutteslowe Deserted Medieval Village to locate and define areas of significant archaeological potential. This report is published in two volumes with Volume II containing the illustrations that accompany the text (Volume I). The route has been divided into six zones and the results are presented according to these divisions for sections 2-4 of the report. The fieldwork results are summarised in section 4. Detailed results are given in sections 6-11 and are in trench number order for ease of reference.The area of Later Bronze Age and Iron Age settlement activity, first detected on a gravel island at the western margins of the study area during the archaeological trenching evaluation conducted for the A40 Witney - Cassington improvements (OAU 1992c; gaz. no.044) was further defined by trench 101 which produced three small pits. Discovery of a grave containing the remains of a crouched human skeleton (trench 102) would suggest the presence of Late Neolithic or Early Bronze Age burial elements. It is not known whether this represents a single inhumation or part of a larger cemetery.

Item Type:Monograph (Project Report)
Subjects:Period > UK Periods > Bronze Age 2500 - 700 BC
Geographical Areas > English Counties > Oxfordshire
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD
ID Code:486
Deposited By: Scott
Deposited On:07 Feb 2011 11:43
Last Modified:30 Jun 2016 14:18

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