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St Wilfrid's Parish Church, Ribchester, Lancashire. Archaeological Desk-Based Assessment and Visual Inspection.

Tonks, David and Elsworth, Dan (2004) St Wilfrid's Parish Church, Ribchester, Lancashire. Archaeological Desk-Based Assessment and Visual Inspection. Project Report. O. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

IWA Architects have been required by English Heritage to conduct an archaeological building investigation of St Wilfrid’s Parish Church, Ribchester, Lancashire, (NGR SD 69964 35038) prior to extensive renovations being carried out at the site. The works comprised a desk-based assessment complemented by a visual inspection of the church. Following submission of a project design, OA North was commissioned to undertake the work, which was carried out in July 2004. The desk-based assessment determined that the present church is built in the southwest corner of the site of the Roman fort of Bremetennacum, from which Ribchester ultimately derives its name; being a contraction of “Ribble castra” meaning Roman camp on the Ribble. There is no secure evidence for a Christian presence at the fort during the Roman period, but Celtic Christian missionaries are thought to have preached in this part of Lancashire in the seventh century AD. In addition, fragments of Anglian crosses have been found within the churchyard. It has, therefore, been conjectured that an Anglian church was established on the site prior to the present church. The first historic record of a church is in AD1200, a date which corresponds with the core architecture of the Nave and Chancel. The church was subsequently expanded in the forthcoming centuries with the addition of the West Tower, a porch, two chantrys and finally a Vestry added in 1881. It is presently a Grade I listed building.

Item Type:Monograph (Project Report)
Subjects:Geographical Areas > English Counties > Lancashire
Period > UK Periods > Early Medieval 410 - 1066 AD
Period > UK Periods > Medieval 1066 - 1540 AD
Period > UK Periods > Post Medieval 1540 - 1901 AD
ID Code:4860
Deposited By: Watson
Deposited On:30 May 2019 09:41
Last Modified:30 May 2019 12:31

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