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Roman Remains from an Archaeological Evaluation at Alconbury Weald, Cambridgeshire

Webb, Robin (2016) Roman Remains from an Archaeological Evaluation at Alconbury Weald, Cambridgeshire. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

An archaeological evaluation took place on land formerly occupied by Alconbury Airfield, within Alconbury Weald, and located just to the north of Ermine Street. This work consisted of the excavation of 40 evaluation trenches covering the area for an access road and residential development. The work was carried out in two stages: the first from the 23rd of November until the 4th of December 2015 consisting of 36 trenches in both areas of the current phase of development; and the second stage over the 5th and 6th of January 2016, to excavate the remaining four trenches of the residential area that had been under concrete. The two phases were made up of an access road route (trenches 1-6, 8-9, 23, covering an area of 439.2sq m) and a residential area (trenches 7, 10-22, 24-40. covering an area of 1533.6sq m) and entailed fitting trenches in amongst the services that had been identified across the site. The first stage of the evaluation revealed 21 trenches that contained archaeology and 14 trenches that contained either only modern disturbance or no archaeological features, with one trench not opened as it was amongst modern services. The archaeology that was revealed was concentrated in two areas: the western third of the site (towards previously identified Iron Age and Roman activity) and the eastern quarter of the site. The western focus of activity was predominantly Romano-British in date, with a couple of prehistoric features identified. The westernmost of these features were ditches that probably represent the periphery of the Middle to Late Iron Age settlement activity identified in 2013 as part of a field system on the fringes of the main activity area. The eastern side of this area contained a large pit that had over a kilogram of metalworking debris down its eastern edge. This suggested that there was an area of industrial activity in the gap between trenches 16, 17 and 19. This Roman activity was a series of ditches and a large ditch or pit that had the majority of 63.7kg of metalworking debris down its eastern edge. The activity within the eastern quarter of the site was undated, but consisted mainly of ditches that were probably related to field systems that broadly followed the same north-east to south-west alignment identified in the nearby 2014 evaluation for the partial remains of an agricultural field system. The second phase of the evaluation entailed the excavation of four trenches that had been located in an area of tarmac. Once the tarmac had been removed the trenches were put in, revealing a modern hardcore build-up layer that lay above the natural. Features in this phase consisted of an undated ditch terminus, an undated post hole, a modern ditch, and fourteen modern post holes filled with concrete and the same rubble as the hardcore layer above.

Item Type:Client Report
Uncontrolled Keywords:Evaluation, evaluation, Archaeological evaluation, Alconbury, alconbury, The Stukeleys, the stukeleys, Alconbury airfield, alconbury airfield, Alconbury Weald, alconbury weald, Roman, roman, Iron Age, iron age, Late Iron Age, late iron age, Middle Iron Age, middle iron age, metalworking debris, MWD, mwd, field system, field systems, agriculture, cultivation, industrial activity, ditch, ditches, brooch, pottery, animal remains, animal bone, animal bones, bone, bones, Modern, modern, pottery, Pottery, pot, ceramic, sherd, Prehistoric pottery, prehistoric pottery, Roman, pottery, roman pottery, 1876, report 1876, Report 1876, OAE report 1876
Subjects:Geographical Areas > English Counties > Cambridgeshire
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD > Late Iron Age 100 BC - 43 AD
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD > Middle Iron Age 400 - 100 BC
Period > UK Periods > Modern 1901 - present
Period > UK Periods > Roman 43 - 410 AD
ID Code:4899
Deposited By: Hamilton
Deposited On:06 Jun 2019 11:37
Last Modified:06 Jun 2019 11:37

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