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Land East of Carterton Archaeological Trial Trench Evaluation Report

Gorniak, Mariusz Land East of Carterton Archaeological Trial Trench Evaluation Report. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Oxford Archaeology (OA) was commissioned by Bloor Homes Western to undertake a trial trench evaluation at the site of a proposed mixed residential and educational development. The site is located on the north‐eastern side of Carterton, and to the north and west of Brize Norton. The site contained no previously recorded archaeological assets, but previously unrecorded sites including the line of a possible Roman Road, and a pre‐historic ring ditch were identified by desk based assessment. A geophysical survey of the site was undertaken in 2013 and confirmed the presence of the ring ditch and several linear features. The postulated Roman road was not identified by the geophysical survey. The area of proposed development consists of several interconnected arable fields divided by hedgerows and three further outlying areas identified as future locations for balancing ponds. Areas to the north, west and south of the site, including the potential location of a Roman road are being preserved as areas of country park or playing fields, and as such were not subject to evaluation. The ring‐ditch in the southern part of the was uncovered and sample excavated. It appeared to represent the remains of a round barrow with the surviving ditch containing pottery sherds provisionally dated to the middle Bronze Age and with a central cremation burial. Thirteen trenches targeted the series of linear anomalies recorded by the geophysical survey, and confirmed their presence in the ground. The ditches were sample excavated and characterized as field boundary ditches, but no dating evidence was recovered, and on the basis of their alignment these are thought to be of medieval or post‐medieval date. Nine other undated ditches were uncovered and excavated within the main site and in one of the outlying areas. Sixteen discrete features were sample excavated, with the majority interpreted as tree‐throw holes.

Item Type:Client Report
Subjects:Geographical Areas > English Counties > Oxfordshire
Period > UK Periods > Medieval 1066 - 1540 AD
Period > UK Periods > Bronze Age 2500 - 700 BC > Middle Bronze Age 1600 - 1,000 BC
Period > UK Periods > Post Medieval 1540 - 1901 AD
ID Code:4963
Deposited By: Scott
Deposited On:21 Jun 2019 11:19
Last Modified:21 Jun 2019 11:19

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