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University Botanic Gardens High Street Oxford

Gill, Jonathan University Botanic Gardens High Street Oxford. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Oxford Archaeology has undertaken a small project to record a well which has been partially exposed towards the southern corner of the walled garden at the Botanic Gardens, Oxford. The well was revealed by contractors working to clear the felled branches of an important old Black Pine tree which had partially collapsed. The stone-lined well has a diameter of 85 cm and although it is largely filled with water it was possible to confirm that it was at least 2.8 m deep (below ground level). The stone-lined walls of the well stop c.50 cm below the current ground level and above this there appears to be the fragmentary remains of a rougher structure which may once have converged to form some form of a cover over the well. This is probably the remaining section of a rudimentary cap constructed over the well when it fell into disuse although it is possible that it related to a pump on top of the well. There appears to be no clear documentary reference to a well here and it is not shown on historic maps. The Ordnance Survey 1:500 town plan from 1876 shows the path distinctly curving around this point, as if there had been a feature here such as a well, but there is a tree shown on the footprint of the well. Presumably the well had been a relatively early feature (18th-century?) and that it had already been removed by 1876, possibly with a tree placed over it to form a simple cap. It may be slightly surprising that this utilitarian structure from where gardeners would have taken water to feed the plants, would have been located in the main walled garden when it could have been sited immediately outside the wall just a few feet away. This may be an indication of how the gardens were principally a scientific institution, albeit one that did allow visitors, rather than a formal garden and aesthetics were not an over-riding concern. ©

Item Type:Client Report
Subjects:Geographical Areas > English Counties > Oxfordshire
Period > UK Periods > Post Medieval 1540 - 1901 AD
ID Code:4984
Deposited By: Scott
Deposited On:26 Jun 2019 12:01
Last Modified:26 Jun 2019 12:01

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