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Buckton Fields West, Northampton

Thacker, Gerry and Packard, Chris Buckton Fields West, Northampton. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

During June to August 2017 Oxford Archaeology South undertook two stages of trial trench evaluation at Buckton Fields West, to the north of Northampton. In total 41 trenches were opened across the site, targeted on the results of a geophysical survey, and to test ‘blank areas’. The evaluation uncovered evidence for activity from the Mesolithic and Neolithic periods in the form of isolated struck flints, and also of middle Iron Age date, although this was limited to a few features. Evidence for occupation of the site during the later Iron Age into the early and middle Roman periods was more extensive and took the form of a fairly extensive array of ditches and pits focused on the central and western parts of the evaluated area. The pottery from several of these features was recovered in fairly large sherds and appeared unabraded, suggesting that it was deposited in the vicinity of settlement. The presence of imported pottery suggests a site of at least moderate status. Fired clay derived from a domestic oven or related to crop processing, and also possibly from a metalworking furnace was present, as were the remains of fallow deer, which are very rare from Romano‐British contexts. The presence of axially split cattle bones also from Roman contexts may indicate that specialist butchery was carried out within the site. Waterlogged material of probable Roman date was present in a lower lying area within in the south‐western part of the site. Several trenches contained closely spaced parallel ditches, which did not have the form of medieval or later plough furrows. These were present on several alignments, and where dated contained Roman material. These could represent arable cultivation of Roman date.

Item Type:Client Report
Subjects:Geographical Areas > English Counties > Northamptonshire
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD
Period > UK Periods > Mesolithic 10,000 - 4,000 BC
Period > UK Periods > Neolithic 4000 - 2200 BC
Period > UK Periods > Roman 43 - 410 AD
ID Code:5465
Deposited By: Scott
Deposited On:12 Sep 2019 12:03
Last Modified:12 Sep 2019 12:03

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