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Nastend, Eastington, Gloucestershire

Smith, Kirsty and Allen, Martyn and Booth, Paul and Cook, Sharon and Cotter, John and Donnelly, Mike and Bradley, Matt and Chard, Diana and Rousseaux, Charles Nastend, Eastington, Gloucestershire. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Oxford Archaeology undertook an archaeological excavation at Nastend, Eastington, Gloucestershire in November and December 2018. Previous geophysical survey and evaluation had indicated that part of a complex of enclosures dating from the Iron Age and Roman period lay within the site. The excavation uncovered a pit containing a prehistoric worked flint, and more extensive evidence for occupation during the late Iron Age/early Roman period and up to the 2nd century AD. Three phases of enclosure were identified within the area of the site including a late Iron Age phase, an early Roman phase (AD 50-120) and 2nd century phase (AD 120-200). The exact form of the late Iron Age/Roman enclosures was unclear as much of the central and northern part of the site appeared to have been truncated by modern ploughing. The truncation of the site had also removed any internal features of the enclosure although a piece of fired clay with a wattle impression found in a late Iron Age ditch suggested the presence of an oven structure nearby. Several environmental samples indicated that wheat was grown locally during the late Iron Age and during the 2nd century. The animal bone from late Iron Age/Roman contexts indicated the presence of cattle and sheep/goat remains with fewer specimens of pig, horse, dog and rodent. The pottery from the site consisted mainly of Malvern area fabrics in the late Iron Age, while Severn Valley ware was subsequently dominant. The Seven Valley ware includes two vessels which were clearly ‘seconds’. These appear to be identical in fabric to a similar ‘second’ or waster vessel from Hunts Grove, Quedgeley, located 5km north of the site. This may indicate that there was a relatively local production of Severn Valley pottery in the area. Three sherds of intrusive medieval pottery were found within the Roman ditch groups 205 and 204. These may have originated from a medieval furrow which itself had probably been truncated.

Item Type:Client Report
Subjects:Geographical Areas > English Counties > Gloucestershire
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD
Period > UK Periods > Roman 43 - 410 AD
ID Code:5539
Deposited By: Scott
Deposited On:31 Oct 2019 15:39
Last Modified:31 Oct 2019 15:39

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