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Old Ford Water Recycling Facility

Champness, Carl (2011) Old Ford Water Recycling Facility. Project Report. Oxford Archaeological Unit Ltd. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Between July 2010 and February 2011 Oxford Archaeology South (OAS) were commissioned by Thames Water Utilities Ltd to undertake a geoarchaeological watching brief and borehole sampling at Old Ford, Stratford, in Greater London. The Site is located in the Lower Lea Valley, at the edge of the floodplain and immediately east of the current river channel. The purpose of the work was to provide baseline data regarding the character of alluvial deposits and assess the potential of the sediments to contain palaeoenvironmental and archaeological remains. This work forms part of mitigation strategy associated with the construction of a new water recycling facility as part of the Olympic Park Development. Four boreholes were drilled just to the east of Old Ford Lock. A sequence of Holocene alluvium was recorded overlying Pleistocene gravel and sealed by up to 2m of 19th century fill and modern made-ground. The alluvial sequence consists of bedded silts, sands and organic clays, representing episodes of overbank flooding and marine incursions, interspersed with drier periods of increased surface stability and soil formation. Two potential landsurfaces were identified. The earliest surface occurs immediately above the Pleistocene gravel at +0.77m OD and may be of early Holocene date. The second surface, further up the sequence between +1.30- +1.70m OD, is likely to date to the later prehistoric or Roman period and contained fired clay, daub, bone and charcoal fragments. No archaeological features or deposits were identified during the watching brief associated with these buried landsurfaces. Only a few fragments of animal bones, fired clay and frequent charcoal were recorded from the upper landsurface. The Site lies across the river from the historic river crossing at Old Ford and it is possible that a Roman river crossing is located near to the Site. However, no evidence of any associated timbers or archaeological features were identified during the watching brief. The path of the river may therefore have been much further west of its present course during this period, which may explain the absence of associated features on the site. However, the upper stabilisation surface was identified at a equivalent elevation and may reflect drier conditions associated with the effects of Roman floodplain management and channel modification.

Item Type:Monograph (Project Report)
Subjects:Geographical Areas > English Counties > Greater London
Period > UK Periods > Roman 43 - 410 AD
ID Code:996
Deposited By: Scott
Deposited On:06 Feb 2013 09:56
Last Modified:07 Nov 2013 14:03

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